Coasts

Two Royal Terns enjoy a calm day on the beach. Photo: Kyle Fritz

Coastal birds and the beaches, wetlands, and clean water they need to survive are increasingly vulnerable.  Seabird populations have dropped nearly 70 percent on average since the 1950s. Shorebirds are declining faster – nearly 70 percent on average since the 1970s.  Challenges include pollution, overfishing, overdevelopment, climate change, and disturbance of birds by beachgoers.